Tuesday, 24 July 2007

Jordianian weekly 's insight into Iraqi resistance groups


See many more articles updated daily
from Arab language and Middle Eastern
press on this and other subjects at the
OURAIM Archive

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Detailed report on goals, stands, & activities of Jihadist
groups

On July 17, the Jordanian Islamic weekly Al-Sabil reported:

“First: The Large Jihadist Groups. The Islamic Resistance
Movement (Iraqi Hamas): Identification: It was born from
the womb of the Revolt of the 20th Brigades on 7 Rabi
al-Awwal 1428 Hegira, corresponding to 26 March 2007.

“It was joined by a large part of the military wing of the
brigades or what was then called "Faylaq al-Fath
al-Islami". It does not recognize the political process and
considers it a failure but it believes in "resistant"
political action. There is no organizational relationship
between Iraqi Hamas and Palestinian Hamas but, as its
spokesperson told the Al-Sabil newspaper in May, they
originate from an identical premise.

“Its programme: The movement took the remarkable and
unprecedented step -not taken by any other faction of the
Iraqi resistance -of airing the picture of Political Bureau
spokesman Dr Ahmad Abd-al-Aziz al-Sa'dun on 22 April 2007
on one of the newscasts of the Al-Jazeera satellite channel
when Al-Sa'dun announced the movement's "broad lines of the
political programme". In this public appearance, Al-Sa'dun
said that Iraqi Hamas "is an independent movement and part
of the Islamic resistance current in the ummah.

“It seeks to elevate the ummah in all the economic,
scientific, and economic fields of life and to liberate its
will through legitimate means from all the tools of
external pressure and hegemony". The movement believes in
armed jihad as a tool to expel the occupiers. It calls on
public opinion and international bodies and institutions to
respect this right and to accept its legitimacy to all
nations that are subjected to occupation and to distinguish
between it and the armed crimes that target innocent
civilians.

“It does not permit under any shape or form the use of arms
to resolve the political disputes among the entities of the
Iraqi people or to resolve religious or sectarian or ethnic
disputes. The movement stresses that it is necessary to
continue fighting until the expulsion of the last soldier
of the occupation. It emphasizes that there will be no
negotiating with the enemy except with the agreement of all
the Iraqi jihad and resistance factions and under suitable
conditions and terms that are acceptable to the mujahidin.

“No one whatsoever has the right to speak or to negotiate
under any form except with the frank authorization of the
resistance. The movement believes that it is important to
combine military jihad with political action as two
parallel and complementary tools in order to accomplish its
goals. The movement seeks political coordination and
coordination in the field with all the resistance factions
and forces that are opposed to the occupation and it
succeeded last in merging with JAMI.

“The goals: The movement seeks to liberate Iraq and
preserve the unity of its people and soil in order to
safeguard its Arab and Islamic identity. It also announced
its desire to build a state of institutions and qualified
people that can guarantee the safety and security of the
citizens, their life in dignity, and their right to
employment and freedom of expression as well as other
rights.

“The activities (site and type): The first statement that
the movement issued revealed that its 44 brigades are
widely spread out in the Iraqi territories. It also
disclosed a major presence in Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Diyala,
and Salah-al-Din. "Iraqi Hamas" appeared different from
some other resistance factions. It showed a widespread
presence in the Kurdish regions and made no reference to
the southern regions where other resistance factions -such
as the Islamic Army and others -announced their presence.

“The Islamic Army (one of the three components of the Jihad
and Reform Front): Identification: It is a salafi jihadist
Islamic group that enjoys a wide presence on Iraqi
territories. It became famous for its numerous quality
operations and attracted a large number of members and
officers of the former army. It was formed prior to the
occupation and did not proclaim its presence until near the
end of 2003. It issued its first statement in May 2003.

“Later, it formed a front along with Jaysh al-Mujahidin and
the Ansar al-Sunnah group and called itself the Jihad and
Reform Front. The amir of the Islamic Army says: Jihadist
groups were formed prior to the war by a few months. A few
days before the war, the preparation for the Islamic Army
group had matured more but the proclamation of the name was
delayed for special reasons because we wanted all the
mujahidin to gather under one banner.

“It was joined by the "Kata'ib Mujahidi al-Ta'ifah
al-Mansurah, which was one of the first jihadist groups to
announce its presence. The Army consists of the Office of
the Emirate, the Shura Council, the Political Bureau, and
the military, shari'ah, information, and development
departments. Its military forces are divided into 23
sectors. The Leadership: Statements issued by the
leadership are signed by the "Amir of the Islamic Army in
Iraq".

“Its official spokesman is Dr Ibrahim Yusuf al-Shammari,
its media spokesman is Dr Ali al-Nu'aymi, and its military
commander is Abu-Mushtaq al-Zubaydi. Imad al-Din Abdallah
is in charge of the central information body. The goals:
The goal of the movement is ending the occupation of Iraq
in preparation for the establishment of God's shari'ah even
if after a while.

“The stands: It rejects the current political process in
Iraq and considers the occupying forces as well as "those
that support them and help them" as a legitimate target.
Later, it targeted the police force and the army of the
Al-Ja'fari and Al-Maliki governments in the wake of the
ethnic cleansing campaign that was waged by the two
governments. The Army rejected the national reconciliation
plan and the targeting of innocents. It refrained from
targeting election polling stations during the elections on
the Iraqi arena although it rejects these elections.

“In a statement, the group announced its readiness to hold
negotiations with the occupation forces on conditions that
were set by the official spokesperson. It denied holding
any negotiations with any side. In a statement in the
beginning of May 2006, its spokesman Ibrahim al-Shammari
announced, "Arms are our strategic option to resist against
our enemies". The Army was distinct in that it proclaimed
its political programme.

“It has formed alliances with some jihadist factions and
has issued joint statements with them (the Al-Mujahidin
Army, the Brigades of the 20th Revolution, and the Islamic
Front of the Iraqi Resistance) as part of the so-called
"the quadrilateral coordination council" that was formed
during a meeting of the representatives of these factions
and that was held in the city of Al-Ramadi in the middle of
2005. It has also issued joint statements and carried out
joint operations with the Army of Ansar al-Sunnah and the
Army of al-Mujahidin.

“The activities (site and type): It is considered one of
the largest and most widespread jihadist groups. As its
military communiques indicate, it is spread out in the
Sunni governorates in Babil, Wasit, Al-Samawah, Basra, and
Al-Amarah. It is specialized in the abduction of hostages,
explosive charges, sniping, rocket fire, shooting down of
aircraft, intelligence operations (assassinations), and
clashes. Its most famous operation is the capture of
hostages, French and other hostages, blowing up 10
soldiers, blowing up seven soldiers, blowing up the Al-Saqr
base, the operations of the Baghdad sniper, and the
manufacture of the Abir rocket.

“The Al-Mujahidin Army (one of the three components of the
Jihad and Reform Front): Identification: This is an Islamic
group that emerged for the first time in February 2005. A
few months ago, it merged with the Iraq Hamas movement. The
Leadership: It recently announced the name of Abd-al-Rahman
al-Qaysi as its official spokesperson. Previously, Dr
Ibrahim al-Shammari was its official spokesman as well as
the spokesman of the Islamic Army.

“Goals and Stands: Its goals and policies are similar to
those adopted by the Islamic Army in Iraq. Al-Shammari has
stated that it is the closest group to the Islamic Army.
The activities (site and type): It is spread out in the
Sunni governorates and in Babil and Wasit. It is
characterized by shooting down aircraft, sniping, explosive
charges, and rocket fire.

“The Army of Ansar al-Sunnah (one of the three components
of the Jihad and Reform Front): Identification: It is a
salafi Islamic group that is an extension of the Ansar
al-Islam group. It was formed in September 2003 and
includes in its ranks the Ansar al-Islam group and Arab
fighters. One of the groups that founded it is the Brigades
of the Al-Ta'ifah al-Mansurah mujahidin. It later withdrew
from it and joined the Islamic Army.

“The leadership: The amir of the group is Abu-Abdallah
al-Hasan Bin-Mahmud. Some media sources have reported that
he was a commander in the Ansar al-Islam group. Goals and
Stands: The goal of this group is not confined to the
liberation of Iraq but also extends to "the establishment
of God's religion and the imposition of Islamic shari'ah to
rule over this Islamic land" as its first statement that
was issued on 20 September 2003 said. It rejects the
current political process in Iraq. On 27 June 2006, it
issued a statement rejecting the national reconciliation
plan that was presented by Nuri al-Maliki.

“The activities (site and type): It is primarily active in
northern Iraq and is spread out in the Sunni governorates.
This group targets the US forces, the forces of the
National Guard and police, and the two Kurdish parties and
militias of Jalal Talabani and Mas'ud al-Barzani. It also
targets the oil pipelines in Kirkuk.

“Its most renowned operation is blowing up the US base in
Mosul on 21 December 2004 that killed scores of US soldiers
and Iraqi soldiers, the two bombings of the headquarters of
the two main Kurdish parties in Irbil on 5 February 2004
that killed 107 people, the bombing of the Turkish embassy
building in Baghdad on 24 October 2003, and the killing of
12 Nepalese security guards in August 2004.

“The Brigades of the 20th Revolt: Identification: It
included diverse currents of Muslim Brothers, salafis, and
independents. It enjoyed tribal support and the respect of
the forces opposed to the occupation and was one of the
first groups to be formed to confront the occupation. Its
first statement was issued on 10 August 2003 four months
after the invasion of Iraq. Last March, it split into two
groups: One retained the same name of the Brigades of the
20th Revolt and the second called itself (Iraqi Hamas).

“It is formed of two wings: The first is the political wing
that consists of the political bureau, the fatwa and
Al-Ta'sil department, the jihadist security department, and
the media department. The second wing is the military wing
that consists of the Brigades of the 20th Revolt that is
more known than its political division. The leadership: It
recently announced that Abdallah al-Umari is its official
spokesperson.

“Goals and stands: Its goal is the liberation of Iraq from
foreign political and military occupation so that the sons
of the Iraqi people would rule themselves by themselves. It
calls for the establishment of an independent and sovereign
national government. On 26 May 2006, it issued a statement
along with four other factions -the Islamic Front of the
Iraqi Resistance, the Army of Al-Rashidin, the Jihadist
Leagues of Iraq, and The Sarayah Al-Tamkin -in which it
pledged to continue to raise arms against the occupiers and
to resist against them until the liberation of the country.

“In the same statement, it reiterated its stand "not to
recognize the legitimacy of any government that is formed
under the umbrella of the occupation". On 26 June 2006, it
announced its rejection of Al-Maliki's initiative for
national reconciliation because "this initiative does not
show how to end the occupation" which is "the most
prominent demand of all the factions of the Iraqi
resistance".

“The activities (site and type): It is spread out in the
Sunni provinces and in Babil. Its operations are
characterized by firing mortar and Katyusha rockets,
springing ambushes using light weapons, sniping, and
explosive charges. In a video statement, one of its
brigades claimed downing a British Hercules C130 on 2 March
2005. It has carried out abduction operations of foreigners
working with the US forces, including an American of
Lebanese descent that was the manager of Baghdad Airport on
21 April 2005. It rejects targeting civilians even if they
are foreigners.

“The Army of Al-Rashidin: Identification: It is an Islamic
group that surfaced in 2005. It is formed of several
brigades, such as the Al-Kawthar Brigade, the Firdaws
Brigade, the Battalion of the Soldiers of Al-Rahman, the
Battalion of the Al-Fajr al-Sadiq, the Battalion of Muslim
Bin-Aqil, and others. Each brigade is deployed in a
different region. The leadership: Its statements are signed
by Abu-Walid al-Iraqi, the official in charge of the Media
Division.

“Goals and stands: Its goals, policies, and points of
reference are identical to those of the Islamic Resistance
Movement (The Brigades of the 20th Revolt) The activities
(site and type): It is deployed in most of the Sunni
provinces and carries out distinctive quality operations.
In its military tactics, this group resorts to firing
rockets and mortars, planting explosive charges, and
sniping.

“The Islamic Amirate (the former Al-Mujahidin Shura
Council): Identification: This council was formed in
December 2006. It consists of seven jihadist groups the
most prominent of which is the Al-Qa'idah organization in
the Land of the Two Rivers, the Army of the Al-Ta'ifah
al-Mansurah, the Islamic Jihad Squads, the Al-Ahwal
Brigades, the Ansar al-Tawhid Squads, the "Saraya
al-Ghuraba", and the Army of Ahl Al-Sunnah and Al-Jama'ah
that joined the council two weeks after it was formed. This
council was abolished after the establishment of the
Islamic Amirate in the beginning of 2006.

“The leadership: The amir of the Islamic State is
Abu-Abdallah Rashid al-Baghdadi who is an Iraqi national.
The purpose of proclaiming Al-Baghdadi as the leader of the
council is to give an Iraqi face to the activities of the
Al-Qa'idah organization in Iraq after it was criticized on
this point.

“The Al-Qa'idah Organization in the Land of the Two Rivers:
Identification: It is a salafi jihadist group that began
its operations in Iraq after the occupation under the name
of the "Al-Tawhid and Al-Jihad Group". IN 17 October 2004,
Abu-Mus'ab al-Zarqawi declared his allegiance to Shaykh
Usama Bin-Ladin, the leader of the Al-Qa'idah organization,
and changed the name of his group to the Al-Qa'idah
Organization in the Land of the Two Rivers. The
organization later joined the Al-Mujahidin Shura Council
when it was formed. Its Arab and Muslim fighters
distinguish it from other groups.

“The leadership: The founder of this organization is
Jordanian national Abu-Mus'ab al-Zarqawi, whose true name
is Ahmad Fadil Nazzal al-Khalayilah. He left Afghanistan
after it was occupied and went to northern Iraq via Iran.
He settled in the regions that were under the control of
the Ansar al-Islam group. After the occupation of Iraq, he
moved to other regions of Iraq.

“Al-Zarqawi revealed his true face for the first time in a
video clip on 26 April 2006. On 8 June 2006, Al-Zarqawi and
seven of his aides were assassinated in a US air raid on a
house in the township of Habhab north of the city of
Ba'qubah in the province of Diyali. A few days later,
Abu-Hamzah al-Muhajir was proclaimed amir of the
organization. The organization identified some of its
leaders after they were martyred in a series entitled
"Biographies of the Martyrs" that is produced by
Abu-Isma'il al-Muhajir.

“These include Abu-Anas al-Shami, the shari'ah official in
the organization. The statements of the organization are
issued under the name of Abu-Maysarah al-Iraqi, the
official in charge of the media department in the
organization. It appears that this name is the nickname
used by several persons that have assumed this position and
some of whom have been martyred.

“Goals and stands: The organization does not confine itself
to the aim of liberating Iraq but it considers the battle
"in Iraq" as an extension of the global jihadist war
against "crusader America" and the Arab regimes that are
allied with it. It is also an extension of the global
Al-Qa'idah organization. It categorically rejects the
political process and believes that anyone that deals with
the occupation is "a traitor and an apostate" that deserves
to be targeted.

“Thus, this organization considers anyone that participates
in the government or the army or the police force or the
intelligence service as a legitimate target. It recently
proclaimed joining the Islamic State of Iraq that was
proclaimed by the Al-Mujahidin Shura Council. The
activities (site and type): Its activities have focused on
regions in western Iraq, particularly in the Al-Anbar
Province (its provincial seat is Al-Ramadi).

“Following the second Battle of Al-Fallujah in November
2004, it spread in all the provinces and in Babil and
Wasit. It has carried out operations in southern Iraq. It
is renowned for its bombing operations using
explosive-laden vehicles, martyrdom-seeking operations,
assassination, and armed engagements. It has formed the
Umar Brigade targeting the Badr Brigade and the militias.

“The most famous bombing operations that it has carried out
are the bombing of the Jordanian embassy in Baghdad in
August 2003; the bombing of the United Nations headquarters
in Baghdad on 19 August 2003 in which 22 persons were
killed including United Nations Representative in Iraq
Sergio De Milo; the bombing in Al-Najaf in 29 August 2003
in which 23 persons were killed including Muhammad Baqir
al-Hakim, the leader of the Supreme Council of the Islamic
Revolution in Iraq; the bombing of the headquarters of the
Italian forces in the city of Al-Nasiriyah on 21 November
2003 that led to the killing of 19 Italian military
personnel and 9 Iraqi military personnel; and the hotel
bombings in the Jordanian capital of Amman.

“It also abducted US national Nicholas Burg in April 2004
and slaughtered him the next month. It abducted and later
killed an Egyptian diplomat and an Algerian diplomat in
July 2005 as well as workers in the Moroccan embassy in
October 2005. It also killed Abd-al-Zahrah Uthman Muhammad,
also known as Izz-al-Din Salim, the rotating president of
the Provisional Governing Council, in a booby-trapped car
near the Green Zone in Baghdad on 17 May 2004.

“The Salah-al-Din Brigades (The Islamic Front of the Iraqi
Resistance-JAMI): Identification: An Islamic jihadist group
with the Muslim Brotherhood movement in Iraq as its point
of reference. It proclaimed its existence in a statement
that was issued on 28 May 2004. It has a political bureau
and its military wing is the Brigades of Salah al-Din
al-Ayyubi. It announced its joining Iraqi Hamas two months
ago.

“Goals and stands: It rejects the political process in Iraq
and has called on its supporters to boycott the elections.
It opposes the use of booby-trapped vehicles inside the
cities or the slaughtering of hostages or harming civilian
foreigners or hitting civilian installations or targeting
any Iraqi national even if he is a member of the police of
the National Guard. Activities (site and type): It is
spread out in most of the Sunni provinces. It is
characterized for the firing of rockets and planting
explosive charges. Second: Other resistance factions that
are smaller than the first group.

1. “The Al-Jama'ah al-salafiya al-mujahidah

2. “Jaysh al-Fatihin

3. “Al-Harakah al-Islamiyah li Mujahidi al-Iraq

4. “Asa'ib al-Iraq al-Jihadiyah

5. “The Abu-al-Siddiq Brigades (formerly Al-Salafi
Brigades)

“Third: Groups that surfaced and later disappeared after
merging with the larger groups or after becoming extinct
and other groups that surfaced recently and most of which
split off from other groups: 1. The Army of Al-Qa'qa; 2.
The Army of Muhammad al-Fatih; 3. The Army of the Muslims;
4. The Empowerment Squads; 5. The Call and Steadfastness
Squads; 6. The Squads of Muslim Wrath; 7. The Vengeance
Brigades; 8. The Brigades of the Mujahidin of the
Al-Mansurah Sect.”

- Newspaper - Middle East, Middle East

1 comment:

Ikez said...

Wow, that is quite a roundup.

Nice work,
Mark of www.regimeofterror.com