Friday, 14 December 2007


Sheikh Harith al-Dhari: 'US is the main irritant in Iraq'

December 13, 2007

Sheikh Harith al-Dhari, head of the Association of Muslim Scholars,
is arguably one of the most influential Iraqi Sunni leaders today.

His unequivocal opposition to the US-led occupation and criticism of
the Nouri al-Maliki government attracted threats against his life and
forced him into exile.

In an interview with Al Jazeera, al-Dhari says the slight improvement
in the security situation in Iraq "is due to a decision by the Iraqi
government to reign in its death squads".

He concedes that the "resistance has temporarily" retreated in the
face of US-funded al-Sahwa (Awakening Council) militias "but that the
resistance is regrouping and will bounce back".

Al-Dhari, who hails from a family reputed for its role in the
nationalist resistance against British occupation in the 1920s, says
the US presence has allowed other powers to meddle in the country's
affairs. He belives an US withdrawal will solve many of his country's
present woes.

AJ: How do you view the recent US and Iraqi reports about the
improved security situation?

Al-Dhari: Yes, we can say the security situation has slightly
improved. The reason for that lies in the fact that George Bush needs
to present some sort of success to his people, and it is the same
with the current Iraqi government. Both have realised that the tense
situation in Iraq would do them no good. Hence, the Iraqi government
ordered its death squads to halt their attacks on people. That's all.

What is your evidence that the government operated those "death

We will reveal the evidence at the right time. However, the fact that
those squads are the armed wings of ruling parties like the Islamic
Supreme Council is evidence that the government backed them. The fact
that they targeted neighbourhoods and specific people who oppose
Nouri al-Maliki, should tell us something.

There are hundreds of witnesses who spoke to media about squads
active during curfew hours and using police cars and equipment. How
many people claimed their relatives were taken by men dressed in
police uniforms and nobody saw them later on? We believe those are
clear evidence of government support to the death squads which
terrorised our people.

How do you explain the security situation improving in areas like
al-Anbar province and the lull in Iraqi resistance operations?

Al-Qaeda fighters have committed grave mistakes in Iraq; mistakes
that were enough to create a backlash against them and initiate what
has become known as al-Sahwa, where the US military and the Iraqi
government offer three-month contracts to fund the greed of some
tribal leaders, who in their turn arm and fund needy tribesmen to
fight al-Qaeda.

The al-Sahwa phenomenon has been presented to the people as "tribal
forces fighting al-Qaeda". But as they are US-funded, the tribesmen
have been instructed to fight the Iraqi resistance as well. That is
why resistance attacks against US forces have eased a bit.

Some al-Sahwa leaders like Ahmad Abu Risha and Hamid al-Hayes have
bluntly said that they are against anyone carrying a gun, although
al-Sahwa fighters themselves comprise the private militias.

I think the resistance has chosen to back off and not engage al-Sahwa
militias to avoid internicine fighting. They are regrouping now and
for sure will bounce back.

How serious is Iranian influence in Iraq?

The US occupation is responsible for letting others meddle in Iraq’s
issues. There are many parties who stick their noses in our business
one of whom is Israel, which works undercover in Iraq.

The other party is Iran. Iran’s influence is cancerous. It meddles in
every aspect of life in Iraq. Its influence on Iraq’s ruling parties
is not a secret. The Al-Daawa party of al-Maliki, the Islamic Supreme
Council of Iraq [headed by Abd al-Aziz al-Hakim], and Iraqi Kurdish
parties are ruling parties and all of them were either funded by or
established in Iran.

These parties are the pillars of a government formed under the
occupation, so if the occupation goes all its allies will go with it.

Iran nowadays has the upper hand in determining who rules Iraq.
Economically, Iranian goods have been flooding Iraqi markets. We have
documented evidence that the Iranian Revolutionary Guards are working
actively in Iraq through their Jaish al-Quds (The Army of Jerusalem)
militia. Senior officers of the militia are based in the offices of
pro-Iranian political parties.

Other regional parties are also involved in meddling in Iraq’s issues
but to a much less extent. But the US-led occupation remains the main

As a US withdrawal appears unlikely in the near future, is there any
alternative to save Iraq from bloodshed and chaos?

Based on what I said, we strongly believe that Iraq’s ordeal will not
end unless the occupation ends.

American leaders disappoint us. We hoped they would behave in a more
responsible way after the failure of the political process they
started in Iraq. We expected them to review the process to let all
Iraqis participate and stop the bloodshed.

But sadly what happened was the opposite. We saw Bush and al-Maliki
signing a non-binding agreement where the appointed Iraqi ruler
signed over control of his country to Bush and in return the US
president committed to provide the necessary support that the current
Iraqi government needs.

This means Bush and those he supports do not have the intention to
rectify things. Hence we must get rid of the occupation which is the
cause of Iraq’s misery and pain. It acts as a cover and fuel for
outsiders to meddle.

Despite their presence in the parliament and government, Iraq’s Sunni
Muslims have always complained they have been denied full
participation in the political process. Why is that?

Our main concern lies in the fact that the elections were built on
fallacies when they lied and deceived the world that the Shia
population comprises the majority in Iraq. The number of Sunni Arabs
is not less than the number of Shia Arab in Iraq, but the US and its
allies in Iraq plotted against them for obvious reasons to deny them
their actual size.

Three years ago, while the US was occupying Iraq, the ministry of
planning under Mahdi al-Hafid issued a statistic stating Sunni Arabs
constitute 42 per cent of Iraq's population and the Shia 40 per cent.

The occupiers have publically forged information to bring their
collaborators to power. They said to us "you are only 20 per cent of
the population and your representation should match that figure".

How are we to accept that? We have been eliminated from the political
process on purpose.

It is no secret we did not support some Sunni parties joining the
political process, but to be fair to them, the al-Tawafuq, the
biggest Sunni Arab bloc in the parliament, had made a valid point
when it withdrew from the government and suspended its participation
in the political process unless its demands are met.

We have seen the demands, all of them were fair, but al-Maliki did
not meet any of them. One of them was not even Sunni-specific - the
demand for the release of all Iraqi prisoners held without charges.
Al-Maliki just does not want to give Sunni parties any credit.

You have been touring the Arab world and met many heads of state. Are
they satisfied with the situation in Iraq?

I have sensed dissatisfaction among Arab leaders with the situation
in Iraq, but none of them have showed a willingness to act.

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